Hybrid Halide Perovskite Field-Effect Transistor

The Hybrid Halide Perovskite Field-Effect Transistor is the first fabricated field-effect transistor based on organic/inorganic hybrid perovskites, with key advantages over traditional approaches including increased compatibility, better scalability and ultra-low cost.


Field-effect transistors are used extensively in electronics, especially in integrated circuits, which require compact and low cost components.

Inorganic (silicon) field-effect transistors are ill suited for the emerging class of large-area, ultra-low cost, flexible electronic products such as flexible displays and electronic textiles due to their mechanical properties and relatively high cost.

Organic field-effect transistors show promise for use in modern electronics because of their low manufacturing cost. However, few organic devices have transferred from the research environment to be utilized in manufacture because of their insufficient performance.


Organic-inorganic perovskites combine the low-cost processing and versatility of organic materials with the performance of inorganic compounds.

Scientists at Wake Forest University have developed the first working field-effect transistors based on hybrid halide perovskites, enabling the direct measurement of charge carrier transport and electrical properties at room temperature in this class of materials. The device, fabricated in collaboration with researchers at the University of Utah, is designed with gold source and drain contacts modified with self-assembled monolayers, a Cytop gate dielectric and an aluminum gate electrode.

The unique field-effect transistors structure produces balanced electron and hole-transport with mobility measuring ~1 cm2/Vs. Processing temperatures lower than 105 °C ensure compatibility with various flexible plastic substrates and rapid, large-area deposition methods such as inkjet printing and spray deposition. Ongoing research efforts currently focus on structural field-effect transistor device modifications to further improve performance efficiencies.

Competitive Benefits

  • First working halide organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite field-effect transistors
  • Device directly measures electrical characteristics of perovskite materials at room temperature. This has direct implications on the development of solar cell devices based on these materials
  • Obtained balanced electron and hole-transport with mobilities of ~1 cm2/Vs
  • Field-effect transistor is ambipolar, with both electron and hole transport
  • Processing temperature does not exceed 105 °C, allowing for flexible deposition on various substrates
  • Hybrid halide perovskites are characterized by low cost processing, versatility and efficient performance

Application Fields

Low cost, large scale electronics: optoelectronics, photovoltaics, light-emitting diodes, displays and computer processors

Stage of Development

A functioning prototype field-effect transistor based on hybrid halide perovskites has been designed, fabricated and measured. Current development aims to improve carrier mobility and on/off sub threshold slope.


Oana D. Jurchescu, PhD, Physics
Yaochuan (Josh) Mei, Physics
Zeev V. Vardeny, PhD, The University of Utah
Chuang Zhang, PhD, The University of Utah


Patent Pending

Licensing Contact

Peter Golikov, MS, MBA, CLP
Director of Licensing
Center of Technology Innovation & Commercialization

Reference #:15-64

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